[Numpy-discussion] RE: default axis for numarray
Paul F Dubois
paul at pfdubois.com
Tue Jun 11 08:29:01 CDT 2002
Konrad's arguments are also very good. I guess there was a good reason
we did all that arguing before -- another issue where there is a
Perl-like "more than one way to do it" quandry.
I think in my own coding reduction on the first dimension is the most
> -----Original Message-----
> From: numpy-discussion-admin at lists.sourceforge.net
> [mailto:numpy-discussion-admin at lists.sourceforge.net] On
> Behalf Of Konrad Hinsen
> Sent: Tuesday, June 11, 2002 6:12 AM
> To: eric jones
> Cc: 'Perry Greenfield'; numpy-discussion at lists.sourceforge.net
> Subject: Re: [Numpy-discussion] RE: default axis for numarray
> "eric jones" <eric at enthought.com> writes:
> > The issue here is both consistency across a library and speed.
> Consistency, fine. But not just within one package, also
> between that package and the language it is implemented in.
> Speed, no. If I need a sum along the first axis, I won't
> replace it by a sum across the last axis just because that is faster.
> > >From the numpy.pdf, Numeric looks to have about 16 functions using
> > axis=0 (or index=0 which should really be axis=0) and,
> counting FFT,
> > about 10 functions using axis=-1. To this day, I can't
> remember which
> If you weight by frequency of usage, the first group gains a
> lot in importance. I just scanned through some of my code;
> almost all of the calls to Numeric routines are to functions
> whose default axis is zero.
> > code. Unfortunately, many of the Numeric functions that
> should still
> > don't take axis as a keyword, so you and up just inserting -1 in the
> That is certainly something that should be fixed, and I
> suppose no one objects to that.
> My vote is for keeping axis defaults as they are, both
> because the choices are reasonable (there was a long
> discussion about them in the early days of NumPy, and the
> defaults were chosen based on other array languages that had
> already been in use for years) and because any change would
> cause most existing NumPy code to break in many places, often
> giving wrong results instead of an error message.
> If a uniformization of the default is desired, I vote for
> axis=0, for two reasons:
> 1) Consistency with Python usage.
> 2) Minimization of code breakage.
> > We should also strive to make it as easy as possible to
> write generic
> > functions that work for all array types (Int, Float,Float32,Complex,
> > etc.) -- yet another debate to come.
> What needs to be improved in that area?
> > Changes are going to create some backward incompatibilities
> and that
> > is definitely a bummer. But some changes are also necessary before
> > the community gets big. I know the community is already reasonable
> > size,
> I'd like to see evidence that changing the current NumPy
> behaviour would increase the size of the community. It would
> first of all split the current community, because many users
> (like myself) do not have enough time to spare to go through
> their code line by line in order to check for
> incompatibilities. That many others would switch to Python if
> only some changes were made is merely an hypothesis.
> > > Some feel that is contrary to expectations that the least rapidly
> > > varying dimension should be operated on by default. There
> are good
> > > arguments for both sides. For example, Konrad Hinsen has
> Actually the argument is not for the least rapidly varying
> dimension, but for the first dimension. The internal data
> layout is not significant for most Python array operations.
> We might for example offer a choice of C style and Fortran
> style data layout, enabling users to choose according to
> speed, compatibility, or just personal preference.
> Konrad Hinsen | E-Mail:
> hinsen at cnrs-orleans.fr
> Centre de Biophysique Moleculaire (CNRS) | Tel.: +33-188.8.131.52.24
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