# [Numpy-discussion] matrix indexing question

Zachary Pincus zpincus@stanford....
Tue Mar 27 15:44:09 CDT 2007

```> The use case I requested was for iteration over a
> matrix where it is desirable that matrices are yielded.
> That is not what you offered.

No, I offered a thorough discussion of why the design of numpy, as I
desired goal unpalatable.

> The context for this request is my own experience:
> whenever I have needed to iterate over matrices,
> I have always wanted the arrays.  So I am simply
> interested in seeing an example of the opposite desire.

I'm glad that Robert provided such a nice example.

Nevertheless, I think that even absent any example it should be
pretty clear at this point that if you want iteration over matrices
to return arrays, either:
(1) you need to be willing to accept that list(iter(M))[i] != M[i]
or
(2) M[i], which equals M[i,:], should be an array.
(or 3, that M[i] and iteration over M is not defined)

Clearly, (1) is fundamentally ridiculous. Clearly use-cases (as well
as the mathematical definition of matrices) abound to illustrate why
(2) is no good. Option (3) helps nobody. So which is it? You have to
choose one!

It is my assertion that if you are iterating over matrices and hoping
to get arrays, you are misusing the matrix class. Almost by
definition if you expect M[i,:] or M[i] (or equivalently, the output
of an iterator over M) to be an array, then M is being used outside
of a linear algebra context -- and thus, in my view, misused. In
those cases, the matrix should be cast to an array, which has the
desired behavior. Robert nicely illustrated a linear-algebraic
context for matrix iteration.

Now, Bill offers up a different suggestion: indexing M yields neither
a matrix nor an array, but a class that operates more or less like an
array, except insofar as it interacts with other matrix objects, or
other objects of similar classes. I'm interested in hearing more

Zach

>
> Cheers,
> Alan Isaac
>
>
>
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