[Numpy-discussion] Creating a RGB-image from BW

Johannes Bauer dfnsonfsduifb@gmx...
Tue Apr 28 01:36:57 CDT 2009


Hello group,

I've been redicted from usenet ("Convert numpy.ndarray into "normal"
array", <75dgm1F16hqntU1@mid.dfncis.de>) here and hope this is the right
place.

Basically, what I have is a numpy-Array which I got from a FITS-file
(it's black/white). I want to display that using GTK. Therefore every
color needs to appear three times (to make it look gray R = G = B).

The basic framework looks like

[...]
pb = gtk.gdk.Pixbuf(gtk.gdk.COLORSPACE_RGB, False, 8, width, height)
pb_pixels = pb.get_pixels_array()


print(type(pb_pixels), pb_pixels.shape, pb_pixels.typecode())
print(type(fits_pixels), fits_pixels.shape, fits_pixels.dtype)

which gives

(<type 'array'>, (480, 640, 3), 'b')
(<type 'numpy.ndarray'>, (480, 640), dtype('uint8'))

so now I need to assign values. Naively I started out with

for x in range(width):
	for y in range(height):
		pb_pixels[y, x] = fits_pixels[y, x]

which was horribly slow (around 3 seconds). Thanks to the usenet help, I
now got somewhat better:

fits_colors = numpy.zeros((height, width, 3), dtype="uint8")
for y in range(height):
	for x in range(width):
		fits_colors[height -  y - 1, x] = fits_pixels[y, x]
pb_pixels[:, :] = fits_colors

This also works, and is a lot faster (around 0.7 seconds). However,
there seems to be a better way to do it. I played around with

fits_colors = numpy.fromfunction(lambda y, x, z: fits_pixels[y, x],
(height, width, 3), dtype="uint8")
pb_pixels[:, :] = fits_colors

Which worked somewhat - but gives weird results: The picture is
rotatated 90° to the right and the lower left part is displayed
repeatedly after 256 pixels... (I can make a screenshot if that's
easier). The fromfunction Function is quite fast in my context (around
0.2 second).

How should I solve this problem the right way?

Kind regards,
Johannes


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