[Numpy-discussion] Getting Callbacks with arrays to work

Pearu Peterson pearu.peterson@gmail....
Tue Jan 12 07:44:33 CST 2010


Hi,

The problem is that f2py does not support callbacks that
return arrays. There is easy workaround to that: provide
returnable arrays as arguments to callback functions.
Using your example:

SUBROUTINE CallbackTest(dv,v0,Vout,N)
  IMPLICIT NONE

  !F2PY     intent( hide ):: N
  INTEGER:: N, ic
  EXTERNAL:: dv

  DOUBLE PRECISION, DIMENSION( N ), INTENT(IN):: v0
  DOUBLE PRECISION, DIMENSION( N ), INTENT(OUT):: Vout

  DOUBLE PRECISION, DIMENSION( N ):: Vnow
  DOUBLE PRECISION, DIMENSION( N )::  temp

  Vnow = v0
  !f2py intent (out) temp
  call dv(temp, Vnow, N)

  DO ic = 1, N
     Vout( ic ) = temp(ic)
  END DO

END SUBROUTINE CallbackTest

$ f2py -c test.f90 -m t --fcompiler=gnu95

>>> from numpy import *
>>> from t import *
>>> arr = array([2.0, 4.0, 6.0, 8.0])
>>> def dV(v):
    print 'in Python dV: V is: ',v
    ret = v.copy()
    ret[1] = 100.0
    return ret
...
>>> output = callbacktest(dV, arr)
in Python dV: V is:  [ 2.  4.  6.  8.]
>>> output
array([   2.,  100.,    6.,    8.])

What problems do you have with implicit none? It works
fine here. Check the format of your source code,
if it is free then use `.f90` extension, not `.f`.

HTH,
Pearu

Jon Moore wrote:
>  Hi,
> 
> I'm trying to build a differential equation integrator and later a
> stochastic differential equation integrator.
> 
> I'm having trouble getting f2py to work where the callback itself
> receives an array from the Fortran routine does some work on it and then
> passes an array back.  
> 
> For the stoachastic integrator I'll need 2 callbacks both dealing with
> arrays.
> 
> The idea is the code that never changes (ie the integrator) will be in
> Fortran and the code that changes (ie the callbacks defining
> differential equations) will be different for each problem.
> 
> To test the idea I've written basic code which should pass an array back
> and forth between Python and Fortran if it works right.
> 
> Here is some code which doesn't work properly:-
> 
> SUBROUTINE CallbackTest(dv,v0,Vout,N)
>     !IMPLICIT NONE
>         
> cF2PY     intent( hide ):: N
>     INTEGER:: N, ic
>                 
>     EXTERNAL:: dv        
> 
>     DOUBLE PRECISION, DIMENSION( N ), INTENT(IN):: v0        
>     DOUBLE PRECISION, DIMENSION( N ), INTENT(OUT):: Vout
>             
>     DOUBLE PRECISION, DIMENSION( N ):: Vnow
>     DOUBLE PRECISION, DIMENSION( N )::  temp
>         
>     Vnow = v0
>         
> 
>     temp = dv(Vnow, N)
> 
>     DO ic = 1, N
>         Vout( ic ) = temp(ic)
>     END DO    
>         
> END SUBROUTINE CallbackTest
> 
> 
> 
> When I test it with this python code I find the code just replicates the
> first term of the array!
> 
> 
> 
> 
> from numpy import *
> import callback as c
> 
> def dV(v):
>     print 'in Python dV: V is: ',v
>     return v.copy()    
> 
> arr = array([2.0, 4.0, 6.0, 8.0])
> 
> print 'Arr is: ', arr
> 
> output = c.CallbackTest(dV, arr)
> 
> print 'Out is: ', output
> 
> 
> 
> 
> Arr is:  [ 2.  4.  6.  8.]
> 
> in Python dV: V is:  [ 2.  4.  6.  8.]
> 
> Out is:  [ 2.  2.  2.  2.]
> 
> 
> 
> Any ideas how I should do this, and also how do I get the code to work
> with implicit none not commented out?
> 
> Thanks
> 
> Jon
> 
> 
> 
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