[Numpy-discussion] scalars and strange casting
josef.pktd@gmai...
josef.pktd@gmai...
Mon Dec 3 09:14:44 CST 2012
A followup on the previous thread on scalar speed.
operations with numpy scalars
I can *maybe* understand this
>>> np.array(2)[()] * [0.5, 1]
[0.5, 1, 0.5, 1]
but don't understand this
>>> np.array(2.+0.1j)[()] * [0.5, 1]
__main__:1: ComplexWarning: Casting complex values to real discards
the imaginary part
[0.5, 1, 0.5, 1]
The difference in behavior compared to the other operators, +,-, /,**,
looks, at least, like an inconsistency to me.
Python 2.6.5 (r265:79096, Mar 19 2010, 21:48:26) [MSC v.1500 32 bit
(Intel)] on win32
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> import numpy as np
>>> np.array(2.+0.1j)[()] * [0.5, 1]
__main__:1: ComplexWarning: Casting complex values to real discards
the imaginary part
[0.5, 1, 0.5, 1]
>>> np.array(2.+0.1j)[()] ** [0.5, 1]
array([ 1.41465516+0.0353443j, 2.00000000+0.1j ])
>>> np.array(2.+0.1j)[()] + [0.5, 1]
array([ 2.5+0.1j, 3.0+0.1j])
>>> np.array(2.+0.1j)[()] / [0.5, 1]
array([ 4.+0.2j, 2.+0.1j])
>>> np.array(2)[()] * [0.5, 1]
[0.5, 1, 0.5, 1]
>>> np.array(2)[()] / [0.5, 1]
array([ 4., 2.])
>>> np.array(2)[()] ** [0.5, 1]
array([ 1.41421356, 2. ])
>>> np.array(2)[()] - [0.5, 1]
array([ 1.5, 1. ])
>>> np.__version__
'1.5.1'
or
>>> np.array(-2.+0.1j)[()] * [0.5, 1]
[]
>>> np.multiply(np.array(-2.+0.1j)[()], [0.5, 1])
array([-1.+0.05j, -2.+0.1j ])
>>> np.array([-2.+0.1j])[0] * [0.5, 1]
[]
>>> np.multiply(np.array([-2.+0.1j])[0], [0.5, 1])
array([-1.+0.05j, -2.+0.1j ])
Josef
defensive programming = don't use python, use numpy arrays,
or at least remember which kind of animals you have
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