[Numpy-discussion] Proposed Roadmap Overview
Fri Feb 17 21:07:17 CST 2012
Den 18. feb. 2012 kl. 01:58 skrev Charles R Harris <email@example.com>:
> On Fri, Feb 17, 2012 at 4:44 PM, David Cournapeau <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
> I don't think c++ has any significant advantage over c for high performance libraries. I am not convinced by the number of people argument either: it is not my experience that c++ is easier to maintain in a open source context, where the level of people is far from consistent. I doubt many people did not contribute to numoy because it is in c instead if c++. While this is somehow subjective, there are reasons that c is much more common than c++ in that context.
> I think C++ offers much better tools than C for the sort of things in Numpy. The compiler will take care of lots of things that now have to be hand crafted and I wouldn't be surprised to see the code size shrink by a significant factor.
The C++11 standard is fantastic. There are automatic data types, closures, reference counting, weak references, an improved STL with datatypes that map almost 1:1 against any built-in Python type, a sane threading API, regex, ect. Even prng is Mersenne Twister by standard. With C++11 it is finally possible to "write C++ (almost) like Python". On the downside, C++ takes a long term to learn, most C++ text books teach bad programming habits from the beginning to the end, and C++ becomes inherently dangerous if you write C++ like C. Many also abuse C++ as an bloatware generator. Templates can also be abused to write code that are impossible to debug. While it in theory could be better, C is a much smaller language. Personally I prefer C++ to C, but I am not convinced it will be better for NumPy.
I agree about Cython. It is nice for writing a Python interface for C, but get messy and unclean when used for anything else. It also has too much focus on adding all sorts of "new features" instead of correctness and stability. I don't trust it to generate bug-free code anymore.
For wrapping C, Swig might be just as good. For C++, SIP, CXX or Boost.Pyton work well too.
If cracy ideas are allowed, what about PyPy RPython? Or perhaps Go? Or even C# if a native compuler could be found?
> I would much rather move most part to cython to solve subtle ref counting issues, typically.
> Not me, I'd rather write most stuff in C/C++ than Cython, C is cleaner ;) Cython good for the Python interface, but once past that barrier C is easier, and C++ has lots of useful things.
> The only way that i know of to have a stable and usable abi is to wrap the c++ code in c. Wrapping c++ libraries in python has always been a pain in my experience. How are template or exceptions handled across languages ? it will also be a significant issue on windows with open source compilers.
> Interestingly, the api from clang exported to other languages is in c...
> The api isn't the same as the implementation language. I wouldn't prejudge these issues, but some indication of how they would be solved might be helpful.
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