[Numpy-discussion] [help needed] associativity and precedence of '@'

Charles R Harris charlesr.harris@gmail....
Sat Mar 15 15:52:57 CDT 2014


On Sat, Mar 15, 2014 at 2:12 PM, Alexander Belopolsky <ndarray@mac.com>wrote:

>
> On Sat, Mar 15, 2014 at 4:00 PM, Charles R Harris <
> charlesr.harris@gmail.com> wrote:
>
>> These days they are usually written as v*w.T, i.e., the outer product of
>> two vectors and are a fairly common occurrence in matrix expressions. For
>> instance, covariance matrices  are defined as E(v * v.T)
>
>
> With the current numpy, we can do
>
> >>> x = arange(1, 5)
> >>> x[:,None].dot(x[None,:])
> array([[ 1,  2,  3,  4],
>        [ 2,  4,  6,  8],
>        [ 3,  6,  9, 12],
>        [ 4,  8, 12, 16]])
>
> I assume once @ becomes available, we will have
>
> >>> x[:,None] @ x[None,:]
> array([[ 1,  2,  3,  4],
>        [ 2,  4,  6,  8],
>        [ 3,  6,  9, 12],
>        [ 4,  8, 12, 16]])
>

Yes, that works. I was thinking more of easy translation of the forms found
in textbooks. Householder reflection, for instance, is usually written as

I - 2 * v * v.T

Where the `v` are unit vectors.

Chuck
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