[SciPy-dev] Volunteer for Scipy Project

Charles R Harris charlesr.harris@gmail....
Mon Oct 5 22:12:49 CDT 2009


On Mon, Oct 5, 2009 at 7:29 PM, Anne Archibald <peridot.faceted@gmail.com>wrote:

> 2009/10/5 Charles R Harris <charlesr.harris@gmail.com>:
> >
> >
> > On Mon, Oct 5, 2009 at 3:20 PM, Anne Archibald <
> peridot.faceted@gmail.com>
> > wrote:
> >>
> >> 2009/10/5 David Goldsmith <d.l.goldsmith@gmail.com>:
> >> > Just curious, Anne: have you anything in particular in mind (i.e., are
> >> > there
> >> > some small - or gaping - holes in scipy (IYO, of course) which you
> know
> >> > could be filled by a careful implementation of something(s) extant in
> >> > the
> >> > literature)?
> >>
> >> Well, not exactly - the examples I had in mind were minor and/or in
> >> the past. I ran into problems with scipy's hyp2f1, for example, so I
> >> went and looked up the best algorithm I could find for it (and I think
> >> I contributed that code). I wanted the Kuiper test as an alternative
> >> to the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test (it's invariant under cyclic
> >> permutations, and is sensitive to different features of the
> >> distribution) so I looked up the test and the special function needed
> >> to interpret its results. (I haven't contributed this to scipy yet,
> >> mostly because I chose an interface that's not particularly compatible
> >> with that for scipy's K-S test.) And on a larger scale, that's what
> >> scipy.spatial's kdtree implementation is.
> >>
> >> For examples where I think a bit of lit review plus implementation
> >> work might help, I'd say that the orthogonal polynomials could use
> >> some work - the generic implementation in scipy.special falls apart
> >> rapidly as you go to higher orders. I always implement my own
> >> Chebyshev polynomials using the cos(n*arccos(x)) expression, for
> >> example, and special implementations for the others might be very
> >> useful.
> >>
> >
> > At what order does the scipy implementation of the Chebyshev polynomials
> > fall apart? I looked briefly at that package a long time ago, but never
> used
> > it. I ask so I can check the chebyshev module that is going into numpy.
>
> By n=30 they are off by as much as 0.0018 on [-1,1]; n=31 they are off
> by 0.1, and by n=35 they are off by four - not great for values that
> should be in the interval [-1,1]. This may seem like an outrageously
> high degree for a polynomial, but there's no reason they need be this
> bad, and one could quite reasonably want to use an order this high,
> say for function approximation.
>
>
Hmm, I get an maximum error of about 1e-13 for n=100 using my routine, which
isn't great and can be improved a bit with a few tricks, but is probably
good enough.  That's using simple Clenshaw recursion for the evaluation.
There must be something seriously wrong with the scipy version. I routinely
use fits with n > 50 because truncating such a series gives a good
approximation to the minmax fit and it's also nice to see how the
coefficients fall off to estimate the size of the truncation error.

I think this inaccuracy is probably inevitable in a scheme that
> computes values using a recurrence relation


Not so, using the Cheybshev recurrence in either direction should be stable
for |x| <= 1. It's like multiplying with a complex number of modulus 1,
i.e., a unitary matrix.


> and something like it probably occurs for all the orthogonal polynomials
> that don't have
> special-purpose evaluators.
>

Depends on the recursion, the direction of the recursion, and the domain.

Chuck
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