[SciPy-Dev] Subversion scipy.stats irregular problem with source code example

Charles Moliere charles.moliere@gmail....
Thu Dec 9 14:30:55 CST 2010


Thanks Skipper for the quick answer. I'm using scipy 0.8.0 with pydev and
eclipse. So there is a newer version than 0.8.0?

2010/12/9 Skipper Seabold <jsseabold@gmail.com>

>  On Thu, Dec 9, 2010 at 2:34 PM, Charles <charles.moliere@gmail.com>
> wrote:
> > Skipper Seabold <jsseabold <at> gmail.com> writes:
> >
> >>
> >> On Tue, Sep 28, 2010 at 1:12 PM, James Phillips <zunzun <at> zunzun.com
> >
> > wrote:
> >> > Since I observed the following behavior in the SVN respository version
> >> > of SciPy, it seemed to me proper to post to the dev mailing list.  I'm
> >> > using Ubuntu Lucid Lynx 32 bit and a fresh GIT of Numpy.  I am not
> >> > sure if a Trac bug report needs to be entered.
> >> >
> >> >
> >> > Below is some example code for fitting two statistical distributions.
> >> > Sometimes the numpy-generated data is fit, as I can see the estimated
> >> > and fitted parameters are different.  Sometimes I receive many
> >> > messages repeated on the command line like:
> >> >
> >> > Warning: invalid value encountered in absolute
> >> > Warning: invalid value encountered in subtract
> >> >
> >> > and the estimated parameters equal the fitted parameter values,
> >> > indicating no fitting took place.  Sometimes I receive on the command
> >> > line:
> >> >
> >> > Traceback (most recent call last):
> >> >  File "/home/zunzun/local/lib/python2.6/site-
> > packages/scipy/stats/distributions.py",
> >> > line 1987, in func
> >> >    sk = 2*(b-a)*math.sqrt(a + b + 1) / (a + b + 2) / math.sqrt(a*b)
> >> > ValueError: math domain error
> >> > Traceback (most recent call last):
> >> >  File "example.py", line 10, in <module>
> >> >    fitStart_beta = scipy.stats.beta._fitstart(data)
> >> >  File "/home/zunzun/local/lib/python2.6/site-
> > packages/scipy/stats/distributions.py",
> >> > line 1992, in _fitstart
> >> >    a, b = optimize.fsolve(func, (1.0, 1.0))
> >> >  File "/home/zunzun/local/lib/python2.6/site-
> > packages/scipy/optimize/minpack.py",
> >> > line 125, in fsolve
> >> >    maxfev, ml, mu, epsfcn, factor, diag)
> >> > minpack.error: Error occured while calling the Python function named
> func
> >> >
> >> > and program flow is stopped.
> >> >
> >> >
> >> > In summary, three behaviors: (1) Fits OK (2) Many exceptions with no
> >> > fitting (3) minpack error.  Running the program 10 times or so will
> >> > reproduce these behaviors without fail from the "bleeding-edge"
> >> > repository code.
> >> >
> >> >     James Phillips
> >> >
> >> >
> >> > ########################################################
> >> >
> >> > import numpy, scipy, scipy.stats
> >> >
> >> > # test uniform distribution fitting
> >> > data = numpy.random.uniform(2.0, 3.0, size=100)
> >> > fitStart_uniform = scipy.stats.uniform._fitstart(data)
> >> > fittedParameters_uniform = scipy.stats.uniform.fit(data)
> >> >
> >> > # test beta distribution fitting
> >> > data = numpy.random.beta(2.0, 3.0, size=100)
> >> > fitStart_beta = scipy.stats.beta._fitstart(data)
> >> > fittedParameters_beta = scipy.stats.beta.fit(data)
> >> >
> >> > print
> >> > print 'uniform._fitstart returns', fitStart_uniform
> >> > print 'fitted parameters for uniform =', fittedParameters_uniform
> >> > print
> >> > print 'beta._fitstart returns', fitStart_beta
> >> > print 'fitted parameters for beta =', fittedParameters_beta
> >> > print
> >> > _______________________________________________
> >>
> >> Is there an existing bug ticket for this?  If not there probably should
> be...
> >>
> >> I think the fitting code should be looked at as experimental.  It's
> >> good that you caught that no fitting is actually done in these cases.
> >> The problem stems (for the most part) from bad starting values
> >> (outside the support of the distribution for those with bounded
> >> support).  I've tried to go through and fix this, giving very naive
> >> (but correct) starting values to fit methods, but I haven't gotten
> >> much further than that.
> >>
> >> I don't know if Travis or Josef have gone back to look at this.
> >> Hopefully one of these days I will find some more time to look at this
> >> and try to give a systematic fix.
> >>
> >> Skipper
> >>
> >
> >
> > Hi,
> > I'm very sorry for entering the thread like this, but after a long search
> over
> > the web, this thread is the more relevant to my problem which I'm stuck
> with.
> > I'm actually trying to fit a gamma distribution on a set of experimental
> > values with gamma.fit() in scipy 0.8.0. Here is the very simple code I'm
> using
> > with a sample of my data:
> >
> > ##########################
> > import scipy as sp
> > import scipy.stats as ss
> >
> > exp_data =[25.6,35.8,100.2,115.2,125.2,140.1,160.6,210.1,250.5,4500.3]
> > data = sp.array(exp_data)
> >
> > fit_alpha, fit_loc, fit_beta = ss.gamma.fit(data)
> > print(fit_alpha,fit_loc,fit_beta)
> > #########################
> >
> > I then receive many messages on the command line:
> > Warning: invalid value encountered in subtract
> >
> > Which ends with no fitting of the parameters:
> > (1.0, 0.0, 1.0)
> >
> > With earlier version of scipy (0.7.2), the error message are absent but
> still
> > no fitting is done. Apparently, it is the extrem value of "4500.3" that
> is
> > causing problem with the fitting in this case.
> >
> > I know you metionned earlier that the fitting code should be considered
> as
> > experimental, however I was wondering if this should be considered as a
> bug,
> > or if I'm making a mistake. In either case, is there a fix for the fit
> > method to work with a gamma distribution?
> >
>
> It looks like Josef's recent changes have got this working.  Using the
> most recent trunk, so you might want to upgrade or see the changeset
>
> In [1]: import scipy as sp
>
> In [2]: import scipy.stats as ss
>
> In [3]:
>
> In [4]: exp_data
> =[25.6,35.8,100.2,115.2,125.2,140.1,160.6,210.1,250.5,4500.3]
>
> In [5]: data = sp.array(exp_data)
>
> In [6]:
>
> In [7]: fit_alpha, fit_loc, fit_beta = ss.gamma.fit(data)
>
> In [8]: print(fit_alpha, fit_loc, fit_beta)
> (0.37079887324711569, 25.599999999999998, 2459.7323873048508)
>
> Skipper
>  _______________________________________________
> SciPy-Dev mailing list
> SciPy-Dev@scipy.org
> http://mail.scipy.org/mailman/listinfo/scipy-dev
>
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