[SciPy-user] convolve2d.. or Numeric to numarray conversion
Fri, 14 Feb 2003 12:27:10 -0500
Kasper Souren wrote:
>>I just worked through some of this for one of our developers so
>>numarray's Convolve.convolve2d now has an "fft" mode. The short answer
>>is, use the convolution theorem and Numeric's FFT module:
>> Fdata = FFT.real_fft2d(data)
>> Fkernel = FFT.real_fft2d(kernel)
>> multiply(Fdata, Fkernel, Fdata)
>> convolved = inverse_real_fft2d( Fdata)
>>The edges can be a little tricky, but other than that, it's mostly
>>already implemented (in Numeric) in the form of 2d Fourier transforms.
>> If the kernel you want to use is bigger than about 15x15, the FFT is
>>also an increasingly faster way of convolving than the brute force
>>approach in numarray-0.4.
>The multiply part gives me some troubles: ValueError: frames are not alligned.
>It seems to me that multiply(a, b) just means a * b. And thus a and b need to
>have the same dimensions. And I don't know how to deal with this problem.
>I guess filling up Fkernel with 0's doesn't make sense
>SciPy-user mailing list
I forgot to mention: when doing FFT-based convolution, the kernel and
data must be identically shaped. I do this by sticking the kernel into
the center of a data-shaped array of zeros.