# [SciPy-user] newbie trouble with lfilter

Joseph Anderson J.Anderson@hull.ac...
Fri Jan 18 15:50:33 CST 2008

```Hello Stéfan,

Thanks for the reply on this.

As I look at Ticket #331, this doesn't exactly describe the situation I'm encountering. My problem involves supplying and recovering the state (for a 2-d array).

At least for a 2-d array (which is what I'm interested in for my problem), lfilter appears to work correctly, given the condition that one doesn't want to supply the initial state (zi) and recover the final state (zf) of the filter. The code listed below seems to work, giving the expected result.

For my application, however, it is important for me to be able to supply and recover the state.

I'm presuming, then, that the way forward for the immediate future is to just unwind my 2-d array by hand and process as 1-d arrays. Ah, well, but for the state problem, was working fine for me, otherwise.

# **************************************
# test filter: 2-d array
#
# **************************************
from numpy import *
from numpy.random import *
from scipy.signal import *

# order and cutoff
N = 1
freq = 0.1

# signal, two channels
x = array([uniform(-1., 1., 8), zeros(8)]).transpose()

# design filter
b, a = butter(N, freq)

# filter
y = lfilter(b, a, x, 0)

print "b, a:", b, a
print "x:", x
print "y:", y

My regards,

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Dr Joseph Anderson
Lecturer in Music

School of Arts and New Media
University of Hull, Scarborough Campus,
Scarborough, North Yorkshire, YO11 3AZ, UK

T: +44.(0)1723.357341 T: +44.(0)1723.357370 F: +44.(0)1723.350815
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

-----Original Message-----
From: scipy-user-bounces@scipy.org on behalf of Stefan van der Walt
Sent: Fri 01/18/2008 7:27 AM
To: SciPy Users List
Subject: Re: [SciPy-user] newbie trouble with lfilter

Hi Joseph

On Thu, Jan 17, 2008 at 12:30:11PM -0000, Joseph Anderson wrote:
> Trying something different and changing zi to:
>
> zi = zeros(N * 2).reshape(N, 2)
>
> Results in a crash with the message:
>
> Process Python segmentation fault

This should never happen.  A bug is filed at

http://projects.scipy.org/scipy/scipy/ticket/331

Regards
Stéfan
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