[SciPy-user] nonlinear optimisation with constraints
Rob Falck
robfalck@gmail....
Tue Jun 23 05:22:05 CDT 2009
2009/6/23 Ernest Adrogué <eadrogue@gmx.net>
> 23/06/09 @ 10:10 (+0200), thus spake Sebastian Walter:
> > 2009/6/22 Ernest Adrogué <eadrogue@gmx.net>:
> > > 22/06/09 @ 13:54 (+0200), thus spake Sebastian Walter:
> > >> 2009/6/22 Ernest Adrogué <eadrogue@gmx.net>:
> > >> > Hi Sebastian,
> > >> >
> > >> > 22/06/09 @ 09:57 (+0200), thus spake Sebastian Walter:
> > >> >>
> > >> >> are you sure you can't reformulate the problem?
> > >> >
> > >> > Another approach would be to try to solve the system of
> > >> > equations resulting from equating the gradient to zero.
> > >> > Such equations are defined for all x. I have already tried
> > >> > that with fsolve(), but it only seems to find the obvious,
> > >> > useless solution of x=0. I was going to try with a
> > >> > Newton-Raphson alorithm, but since this would require the
> > >> > hessian matrix to be calculated, I'm leaving this option
> > >> > as a last resort :)
> > >>
> > >> Ermmm, I don't quite get it. You have an NLP with linear equality
> > >> constraints and box constraints.
> > >> Of course you could write down the Lagrangian for that and define an
> > >> algorithm that satisifies the first and second order optimality
> > >> conditions.
> > >> But that is not going to be easy, even if you have the exact hessian:
> > >> you'll need some globalization strategy (linesearch, trust-region,...)
> > >> to guarantee global convergence
> > >> and implement something like projected gradients so you stay within
> > >> the box-constraints.
> > >>
> > >> I guess it will be easier to use an existing algorithm...
> > >
> > > Mmmm, yes, but the box constraints are merely to prevent the
> > > algorithm from evaluating f(x) with values of x for which f(x)
> > > is not defined. It's not a "real" constraint, because I know
> > > beforehand that all elements of x are > 0 at the maximum.
> > >
> > >> And I just had a look at fmin_l_bfgs_b: how did you set the equality
> > >> constraints for this algorithm. It seems to me that this is an
> > >> unconstrained optimization algorithm which is worthless if you have a
> > >> constrained NLP.
> > >
> > > You're right. I included the equality constraint within the
> > > function itself, so that the function I omptimised with fmin_l_bfgs_b
> > > had one parameter less and computed the "missing" parameter
> > > internally as a function of the others.
> > >
> > > The problem is that this dependent parameter, was unaffected by
> > > the box constraint and eventually would take values < 0.
> > >
> > > Fortunately, Siddhardh Chandra has told me the solution, which
> > > is to maximise f(|x|) instead of f(x), with the linear
> > > constraint incorporated into the function, using a simple
> > > unconstrained optimisation algorithm. His message hasn't made it
> > > to the list though.
> >
> > I'm curious: Could you elaborate how you incoroporated the linear
> > constraints into the objective function?
>
> There was only one constraint:
>
> max: f(x)
> s.t.: sum(a) - sum(b) = 0 (1)
>
> where 'a' is the first half of vector x, and 'b' the second half.
> What this constraint really says is that one function parameter
> is dependent on the others, as you can rewrite the constraint as:
>
> a0 = sum(b0, b1 ... b_n) - sum(a1, a2 ... a_n)
>
> Therefore, if it is possible to incorporate the constraint into
> the function, by writing a function g(x) that takes (2*n)-1
> parameters, calculates the dependent parameter, and calls the
> original f(x) with 2*n parameters. This g(x) function will have
> the constraint "incorporated" and can be optimised with an
> unconstrained algorithm.
>
>
> Ernest
>
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In my experience fmin_slsqp does not attempt to evaluate regions of the
independent variables outside of the box bounds, but YMMV.
--
- Rob Falck
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