[SciPy-User] [SciPy-user] ValueError: The truth value of an array with more than one element is ambiguous.

Zachary Pincus zachary.pincus@yale....
Fri Apr 6 16:11:58 CDT 2012


> Thanks for the help. Would I be able to use the np.any and np.all
> functions to count the number of true occurrences? 

I typically use np.sum() (or arr.sum() where arr is a numpy array) to count the number of True values (which count as 1 in boolean arrays, where Falses are 0.)

> 
> 
> Tony Yu-3 wrote:
>> 
>> On Fri, Apr 6, 2012 at 12:54 AM, Tony Yu <tsyu80@gmail.com> wrote:
>> 
>>> 
>>> 
>>> On Thu, Apr 5, 2012 at 6:46 PM, surfcast23 <surfcast23@gmail.com> wrote:
>>> 
>>>> Hi, I have an if statement and what I want it to do is go through arrays
>>>> and find the common elements in all three arrays. When I try the code
>>>> below
>>>> I get this error * ValueError: The truth value of an array with more
>>>> than one element is ambiguous. Use a.any() or a.all()* Can some one
>>>> explain the error to me and how I might be able to fix it. Thanks in
>>>> advance. *if min <= Xa <=max & min <= Ya <=max & min <= Za <=max:
>>>> print("in range") else: print("Not in range")*
>>> 
>>> 
>>> This explanation may or may not be clear, but your question is answered
>>> in this
>>> communication<http://mail.python.org/pipermail/python-ideas/2011-October/012278.html>
>>> .
>>> 
>>> Roughly:
>>> 1) Python's default behavior for chained comparisons don't work as you'd
>>> expect for numpy arrays.
>>> 2) Python doesn't allow numpy to change this default behavior (at least
>>> currently, and maybe
>>> never<http://mail.python.org/pipermail/python-dev/2012-March/117510.html>
>>> ).
>>> 
>>> Nevertheless, you can get around this by separating the comparisons
>>> 
>>>>>> if (min <= Xa) & (Xa <= max):
>>> 
>>> Note the use of `&` instead of `and`, which is at the heart of the
>>> issue<http://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0335/>
>>> .
>>> 
>>> Hope that helps,
>>> -Tony
>>> 
>> 
>> Oops, I think I got myself mixed up in the explanation. Separating the
>> comparisons fixes one error; For example, the following:
>> 
>>>>> (min <= Xa) & (Xa <= max)
>> 
>> will return an array of bools instead of raising an error (as you would
>> get
>> with `min <= Xa <= max`). This is what I meant to explain above.
>> 
>> But, throwing an `if` in front of that comparison still doesn't work
>> because it's ambiguous: Should `np.array([True False])` be true or false?
>> Instead you should check `np.all(np.array([True False]))`, which evaluates
>> as False since not-all elements are True, or `np.any(np.array([True
>> False]))`, which evaluates as True since one element is True.
>> 
>> -Tony
>> 
>> _______________________________________________
>> SciPy-User mailing list
>> SciPy-User@scipy.org
>> http://mail.scipy.org/mailman/listinfo/scipy-user
>> 
>> 
> 
> -- 
> View this message in context: http://old.nabble.com/ValueError%3A-The-truth-value-of-an-array-with-more-than-one-element-is-ambiguous.-tp33583156p33645519.html
> Sent from the Scipy-User mailing list archive at Nabble.com.
> 
> _______________________________________________
> SciPy-User mailing list
> SciPy-User@scipy.org
> http://mail.scipy.org/mailman/listinfo/scipy-user



More information about the SciPy-User mailing list