# [SciPy-User] Avoiding inner for loops??

J. David Lee johnl@cs.wisc....
Sun Aug 19 09:22:19 CDT 2012

```Hi Martin,

It looks like you are trying to do a brute force minimization of your
model with three parameters, is that right? For that you could look at
scipy.optimize.brute, which will probably be faster. scipy.optimize also
has several more sophisticated minimizers that you might  consider:

http://docs.scipy.org/doc/scipy/reference/optimize.html

If your function works with numpy arrays, you could try generating all
of your parameters at once with mgrid and calling your function on the
returned arrays,

p1, p2, p3 = np.mgrid[:10,:10,:10]

David

On 08/19/2012 04:07 AM, Martin De Kauwe wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I need to avoid (at least) two inner for loops in what I am trying to
> do otherwise my processing takes forever. What is the best way to
> transfer what I am doing into a more "numpy way"? Essentially I am
> trying to call a model again for various different parameter
> combinations. The example is fictional, by the grid_size would ideally
> grow > 500 and by doing so the processing speed becomes very slow the
> way I have set things up..
>
> thanks.
>
> example.
>
>
> import numpy as np
>
> def fake_model(data1, data2, p1, p2, p3):
>     """ complete nonsense """
>     return data1 + data2 * p1 * p2 * p3
>
> data1 = np.random.rand(10) # the size of this arrays varies might be
> 10 might be 15 etc
> data2 = np.random.rand(10) # the size of this arrays varies might be
> 10 might be 15 etc
> obs = np.random.rand(10) # the size of this arrays varies might be 10
> might be 15 etc
>
> grid_size = 10 # Ideally this would be a large number
> param1 = np.linspace(5.0, 350, grid_size)
> param2 = np.linspace(5.0, 550, grid_size)
> param3 = np.linspace(1E-8, 10.5, grid_size)
> ss = np.zeros(0)
>
> for p1 in param1:
>     for p2 in param2:
>         for p3 in param3:
>             ans = fake_model(data1, data2, p1, p2, p3)
>
>             ss = np.append(ss, np.sum(obs - ans)**2)
>             print np.sum(obs - ans)**2
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