# [SciPy-User] Avoiding inner for loops??

Luuk van der Velden l.j.j.vandervelden@gmail....
Sat Dec 22 09:35:42 CST 2012

```Consider using broadcasting to three 3D parameters matrices (A,B,C), then
creating a 'ufunc' that takes three parameter at a time (a,b,c) for every
identical position in the three arrays (A,B,C). So giving the broadcasting
arrays as input to a ufunction which maps the model function on the three
paramater arrays.

greets,
Luuk

On Sunday, August 19, 2012 11:07:59 AM UTC+2, Martin De Kauwe wrote:
>
> Hi,
>
> I need to avoid (at least) two inner for loops in what I am trying to do
> otherwise my processing takes forever. What is the best way to transfer
> what I am doing into a more "numpy way"? Essentially I am trying to call a
> model again for various different parameter combinations. The example is
> fictional, by the grid_size would ideally grow > 500 and by doing so the
> processing speed becomes very slow the way I have set things up..
>
> thanks.
>
> example.
>
>
> import numpy as np
>
> def fake_model(data1, data2, p1, p2, p3):
>     """ complete nonsense """
>     return data1 + data2 * p1 * p2 * p3
>
> data1 = np.random.rand(10) # the size of this arrays varies might be 10
> might be 15 etc
> data2 = np.random.rand(10) # the size of this arrays varies might be 10
> might be 15 etc
> obs = np.random.rand(10) # the size of this arrays varies might be 10
> might be 15 etc
>
> grid_size = 10 # Ideally this would be a large number
> param1 = np.linspace(5.0, 350, grid_size)
> param2 = np.linspace(5.0, 550, grid_size)
> param3 = np.linspace(1E-8, 10.5, grid_size)
> ss = np.zeros(0)
>
> for p1 in param1:
>     for p2 in param2:
>         for p3 in param3:
>             ans = fake_model(data1, data2, p1, p2, p3)
>
>             ss = np.append(ss, np.sum(obs - ans)**2)
>             print np.sum(obs - ans)**2
>
>
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