# [SciPy-User] The ode function does not take *args ?

Ralf Gommers ralf.gommers@gmail....
Sun Nov 11 13:28:18 CST 2012

```On Sat, Nov 10, 2012 at 10:18 PM, The Helmbolds <helmrp@yahoo.com> wrote:

> Consider the following ode setup:
>
> t0 = 0
> # Order of variables changed from odeint's (w, t) to (t, w).
>
> def f(t, w, params):                    # Note -- no *args !!!
>         A, D = params
>         x, y = w
>         return [-D * y, -A * x]          # Returns a list.
>
> def jac(t, w, params):                # Note -- no *args !!!
>         A, D = params
>         x, y = w
>         return [ [0, -D], [-A, 0] ]         # Returns a list of lists.
>
> from scipy.integrate import ode
> r = ode(f, jac)
> r.set_integrator('vode', method = 'adams', with_jacobian = True)
> r.set_initial_value(w0, t0)
> r.set_f_params(params)              # Note -- no *args !!!
> r.set_jac_params(params)           # Note -- no *args !!!
>
>
> tf = 10
> dt = 1
>
> while r.successful() and r.t < tf:
>         r.integrate(r.t + dt)
>         temp = [r.t, r.y]
>         print 'temp = ', temp
>
> This produces essentially the same values as when using "odeint".
>
> My questions are as follows:
>
>     Why the quirky change in the order of the variables?
>

Development history, no deep reason. Ideally this would match, but it can't
be changed anymore.

>
>     I'm puzzled by the absence of *args or *params in "ode".
>

You give them with the set_f_params method, as shown in the docstring
example.

> Moreover, if I change any of these to the "*" form, then
> "ode" crashes with an error of the general form:
>        "ValueError: need more than 0 values to unpack"
>
> What am I doing wrong?
>

Not sure because you don't show the code, but probably the set_f_params
method should fix this for you.

Ralf

>
> Running latest SciPy/NumPy with latest Python 2.7.x on Windows 7 64bit.
>
> Bob H
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>
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