[IPython-User] IPython.parallel: Sync namespace between engines

Francesco Montesano franz.bergesund@gmail....
Tue Jan 29 07:23:58 CST 2013

2013/1/29 Johann Rohwer <jr@sun.ac.za>

> On Tuesday 29 January 2013 13:37:34 Florian M. Wagner wrote:
> > I am currently trying to parallelize a piece of code using IPython's
> > parallel version of map. It works fine for simple examples, but the
> > function I would like to distribute falls back upon some globally
> > declared variables, which the engines are not aware of. Is there a
> > way to sync the namespace of all engines analogously to
> > sync_imports or what would you suggest?
> I'm not aware of whether it is possible to sync the namespaces
> completely and whether this useful or feasible at all (do we want the
> controller and client objects to be available on all the engines?).
> However, you can easily push those global variables the function
> requires to all the engines with the dview.push() method.
> Johann
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Hi Florian,

I asked something related a few month ago: my main problem was to `import
module as m` and broadcast functions and variables to all the engines. As
now that is no automatic way.

So I wrote a class that initialize my parallel environment, and perform a
few operations. One of the methods is

    def exec_on_engine( self, code, block=True ):
        Execute the given code on all engines

        to_execute: string or list of strings
            command(s) to execute on all the nodes. Thought for short tasks,
            like importing modules
        block: bool
            whether or not to wait until done to return. default: True
        if isinstance(code, basestring): # if it's a string
            code = [code,]  # convert to list
        # execute the required commands
        # (better to do in block mode, avoids errors if command is slow)
        for te in code:
                self.dview.execute(te, block=block)
            except error.CompositeError, e:  # if an error occurs, print a
single one, not one per engine

I use it roughly as follow (I didn't test passing a variable, but should

        import os

        # absolute path and file name of this script

        path, fname = os.path.split(os.path.abspath(sys.argv[0]))

        #command to run on all the engines

        imports = ['import numpy as np',
                # add the script directory to the python path

                'import sys', 'sys.path.append("{0}")'.format(path),

                # import a function from the script in the namespace

                'from {0} import func'.format(os.path.splitext(fname)[0]),
                 'a = 10']

Does it help?

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