[Numpy-discussion] global overloading of 1+1 -> MyClass(1, 1)

Andrew Dalke dalke@dalkescientific....
Mon Aug 18 15:45:32 CDT 2008

On Aug 18, 2008, at 10:01 PM, Ondrej Certik wrote:

> with Andrew permission, I am starting a new thread, where our
> discussion is ontopic. :)

Though I want to point out that without specific proposals
of how the implementation might look, this thread will
not go anywhere as it will be too distant from usable code.

I sent examples to show how such a system might look, as
the basis for getting a feel if it was practical.  I do
not think my examples are practical, but they were meant
as an example of how such a proposal might look.

Since I know that the Python implementation will not change
to support per-module or per-scope redefinitions for "1+2"
and builtin object constructors, the only feasible mechanism
is through some sort of alternate grammar that compiles to
either Python or directly to the Python virtual machine.

One such was is through import hooks.

> Yes, this is a mess, this is just like preparsing. Well, not like --
> this is preparsing.

It's not preparsing.  It's parsing.  There's no pre about it.
It's not a macro language.  My ply4python tutorial compiles
various Python-like languages to the Python virtual machine

> I mean what is the difference between [1] and [2]?

I want to see how you would extend Python to support such
a mechanism before I worried about how to interpret it.

Or in other words, the difference between [1] and [2]
is that [2] can be fully evaluated through simple static
analysis, while [1] cannot.

BTW, this is unexpected.  Python does constant folding
of that expression, but only with specific settings.

 >>> import dis
 >>> def f():
...   print 1/2*3/4
 >>> dis.dis(f)
   2           0 LOAD_CONST               1 (1)
               3 LOAD_CONST               2 (2)
               6 BINARY_DIVIDE
               7 LOAD_CONST               3 (3)
              10 BINARY_MULTIPLY
              11 LOAD_CONST               4 (4)
              14 BINARY_DIVIDE
              15 PRINT_ITEM
              16 PRINT_NEWLINE
              17 LOAD_CONST               0 (None)
              20 RETURN_VALUE
 >>> from __future__ import division
 >>> def f():
...   print 1/2*3/4
 >>> dis.dis(f)
   2           0 LOAD_CONST               7 (0.375)
               3 PRINT_ITEM
               4 PRINT_NEWLINE
               5 LOAD_CONST               0 (None)
               8 RETURN_VALUE

The only way I can see to do what you want requires
multimethods, which don't currently exist in Python
except as third-party extensions.  The one I know about,
from Philip J. Eby, works on a global-level, not module
level, because of how registration happens, so it does
not support what you would like.


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