# [Numpy-discussion] summarizing blocks of an array using a moving window

Warren Weckesser warren.weckesser@enthought....
Thu Jul 22 12:35:57 CDT 2010

```Keith Goodman wrote:
> On Thu, Jul 22, 2010 at 7:48 AM, Warren Weckesser
> <warren.weckesser@enthought.com> wrote:
>
>
>> Actually, because of the use of reshape(3,3,4), your second
>> example does make a copy.
>>
>
> When does reshape return a view and when does it return a copy?
>
>

According to the numpy.reshape docstring, it returns
a view when it can.  In the previous example, it is
not possible to configure the strides so that the
four elements in each 2x2 block can be represented
in a single axis using the original memory layout,
so the data must be copied to achieve the shape
(3,3,4).

> Here's a simple example that returns a view:
>
>
>>> x = np.array([1,2,3,4])
>>> y = x.reshape(2,2)
>>> y[0,0] = 9
>>> x
>>>
>    array([9, 2, 3, 4])
>
> What's a simple example that returns a copy?
>

In [85]: x = np.array([[1,2],[3,4],[5,6]]).T  # Note the transpose.

In [86]: x
Out[86]:
array([[1, 3, 5],
[2, 4, 6]])

In [87]: y = x.reshape(6)

In [88]: x[0,1] = 99

In [89]: y
Out[89]: array([1, 3, 5, 2, 4, 6])

Warren

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```