[Numpy-discussion] Segfault with python 3.2 structured array non-existent field

Christoph Gohlke cgohlke@uci....
Tue Mar 15 19:30:10 CDT 2011

On 3/15/2011 5:13 PM, Matthew Brett wrote:
> Hi,
> On Tue, Mar 15, 2011 at 10:23 AM, Matthew Brett<matthew.brett@gmail.com>  wrote:
>> Hi,
>> On Tue, Mar 15, 2011 at 10:12 AM, Pauli Virtanen<pav@iki.fi>  wrote:
>>> Tue, 15 Mar 2011 10:06:09 -0700, Matthew Brett wrote:
>>>> Sorry to ask, and I ask partly because I'm in the middle of a py3k port,
>>>> but is this the right fix to this problem?  I was confused by the
>>>> presence of the old PyString_AsString function.
>>> It's not a correct fix. The original code seems also wrong ("index" can
>>> either be Unicode or Bytes/String object), and will probably bomb when
>>> indexing with Unicode strings on Python 2. The right thing to do is to
>>> make it show the repr of the "index" object.
>> OK - I realize I'm being very lazy here but, do you mean:
>>         PyErr_Format(PyExc_ValueError,
>>>>                       "field named %s not found.",
>>>>                       PyString_AsString(PyObject_Repr(index)));
> Being less lazy, and having read the cpython source, and read
> Christoph's mail more carefully, I believe Christoph's patch is
> correct...
> Unicode indexing of structured array fields doesn't raise an error on
> python 2.x; I assume because PyString_AsString is returning a char*
> using the Unicode default encoding, as per the docs.

I think the patch is correct for Python 3 but, as Pauli pointed out, the 
original code can crash also under Python 2.x when indexing with an 
unicode string that contains non-ascii7 characters, which seems much 
less likely and apparently has been undetected for quite a while. For 
example, this crashes for me on Python 2.7:

import numpy as np
a = np.zeros((1,), dtype=[('f1', 'f')])
a[u's'] = 1  # works
a[u'µ'] = 1  # crash

So, the proposed patch works for Python 3, but there could be a better 
patch fixing also the corner case on Python 2.


> Thanks,
> Matthew
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