# [Numpy-discussion] NA masks in the next numpy release?

Matthew Brett matthew.brett@gmail....
Fri Oct 28 15:02:04 CDT 2011

```Hi,

On Fri, Oct 28, 2011 at 12:15 PM, Lluís <xscript@gmx.net> wrote:

> Summarizing: let's forget for a moment that "mask" has a meaning in english:

This is at the core of the problem.  You and I know what's really
going on - there's a mask over the data.   But in what follows we're
going to try and pretend that is not what is going on.  The result is
something that is rather hard to understand, and, when you do
understand it, it's surprising and inconvenient.   This is all because
we tried to conceal what was really going on.

>             - "maskna" corresponds to ABSENT
>             - "ownmaskna" corresponds to IGNORED
>
> The problem here is that of the two implementation mechanisms (masks and
> bitpatterns), only the first can provide both semantics.

so it looks like ABSENT, and makes IGNORED hard to get to.

>
> In [1]: a = np.array([1, 2, 3], maskna = True)
>
>
>
> ABSENT (destructive NA assignment)
> ----------------------------------
>
> Once you assign NA, even if you're using NA masks, the value seems to be lost
> forever (i.e., the assignment is destructive regardless of the value):
>
> In [2]: b = a.view()
> In [3]: c = a.view(maskna = True)
> In [4]: b[0] = np.NA
> In [5]: a
> Out[5]: array([NA, 2, 3])
> In [6]: b
> Out[6]: array([NA, 2, 3])
> In [7]: c
> Out[7]: array([NA, 2, 3])

Right - the mask (fundamentally an IGNORED signal) is pretending to
implement ABSENT.  But - as you point out below - I'm pasting it here
- in fact it's IGNORED.

> In [21]: a = np.array([1, 2, 3])
> Out[21]: array([1, 2, 3])
> In [22]: b = a.view(maskna = True)
> In [23]: b[0] = np.NA
> In [24]: a
> Out[24]: array([1, 2, 3])
> In [25]: b
> Out[25]: array([NA, 2, 3])

But now - I've done this:

>>> a = np.array([99, 100, 3], maskna=True)
>>> a[0:2] = np.NA

You and I know that I've got an array with values [99, 100, 3] and a
mask with values [False, False, True].  So maybe I'd like to see what
happens if I take off the mask from the second value.   I know that's
what I want to do, but I don't know how to do it, because you won't
let me manipulate the mask, because I'm not allowed to know that the
NA values come from the mask.

The alterNEP is just saying - please - be straight with me.   If
you're doing masking, show me the mask, and don't try and hide that
there are stored values underneath.

Best,

Matthew
```