# [SciPy-Dev] RFR: N-dimensional interpolation

Pauli Virtanen pav@iki...
Tue Aug 31 17:01:44 CDT 2010

```Sun, 25 Jul 2010 15:35:11 +0000, Pauli Virtanen wrote:
> I took the Qhull by the horns, and wrote a straightforward `griddata`
> implementation for working in N-D:
[clip]

It's now committed to SVN (as it works-well-for-me).
Post-mortem review and testing is welcome.

http://projects.scipy.org/scipy/changeset/6653
http://projects.scipy.org/scipy/changeset/6655
http://projects.scipy.org/scipy/changeset/6657

What's in there is:

1) scipy.spatial.qhull

Delaunay decomposition and some associated low-level N-d geometry
routines.

2) scipy.interpolate.interpnd

N-dimensional interpolation:

1) Linear barycentric interpolation
2) Cubic spline interpolation (2D-only, C1 continuous,
approximately minimum-curvature).

3) scipy.interpolate.griddatand

Convenience interface to the N-d interpolation classes.

- More comprehensive interface to other features of Qhull

- Using qhull_restore, qhull_save to store Qhull contexts
instead of copying the relevant data?

- Optimizing the cubic interpolant

- Monotonic cubic interpolation

- Cubic interpolation in 3-d

- Natural neighbour interpolation

- etc.

***

Example:

import numpy as np
def func(x, y):
return x*(1-x)*np.cos(4*np.pi*x) * np.sin(4*np.pi*y**2)**2

grid_x, grid_y = np.mgrid[0:1:100j, 0:1:200j]

points = np.random.rand(1000, 2)
values = func(points[:,0], points[:,1])

from scipy.interpolate import griddata
grid_z0 = griddata(points, values, (grid_x, grid_y), method='nearest')
grid_z1 = griddata(points, values, (grid_x, grid_y), method='linear')
grid_z2 = griddata(points, values, (grid_x, grid_y), method='cubic')

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
plt.subplot(221)
plt.imshow(func(grid_x, grid_y).T, extent=(0,1,0,1), origin='lower')
plt.plot(points[:,0], points[:,1], 'k.', ms=1)
plt.title('Original')
plt.subplot(222)
plt.imshow(grid_z0.T, extent=(0,1,0,1), origin='lower')
plt.title('Nearest')
plt.subplot(223)
plt.imshow(grid_z1.T, extent=(0,1,0,1), origin='lower')
plt.title('Linear')
plt.subplot(224)
plt.imshow(grid_z2.T, extent=(0,1,0,1), origin='lower')
plt.title('Cubic')
plt.gcf().set_size_inches(6, 6)
plt.show()

--
Pauli Virtanen

```