[Scipy-svn] r2592 - trunk/Lib/sandbox/timeseries/examples
scipy-svn at scipy.org
scipy-svn at scipy.org
Tue Jan 23 12:05:02 CST 2007
Date: 2007-01-23 12:04:58 -0600 (Tue, 23 Jan 2007)
New Revision: 2592
temporary doc update
--- trunk/Lib/sandbox/timeseries/examples/example.py 2007-01-23 08:21:33 UTC (rev 2591)
+++ trunk/Lib/sandbox/timeseries/examples/example.py 2007-01-23 18:04:58 UTC (rev 2592)
@@ -1,5 +1,7 @@
import numpy as N
import maskedarray as MA
import tseries as TS
import tdates as TD
D = TD.Date(freq='D', year=2007, month=1, day=1)
@@ -7,12 +9,14 @@
Y = TD.Date(freq='A', year=2007, month=1, day=1)
+mybirthday = D-1
+infivemonths = M + 5
data = N.random.uniform(-100,100,600)
today = TD.thisday('B')
-series = TS.time_series(data, dtype=np.float_, freq='B', observed='SUMMED',
+series = TS.time_series(data, dtype=N.float_, freq='B', observed='SUMMED',
@@ -21,7 +25,7 @@
series[series<0] = 0
series[series.day_of_week == 4] = 100
-weekdays = td.day_of_week(series)
+weekdays = TD.day_of_week(series)
series[weekdays == 4] = 100
series_log = N.log(series)
mlist_1 = ['2005-%02i' % i for i in range(1,10)]
--- trunk/Lib/sandbox/timeseries/examples/example.wiki 2007-01-23 08:21:33 UTC (rev 2591)
+++ trunk/Lib/sandbox/timeseries/examples/example.wiki 2007-01-23 18:04:58 UTC (rev 2592)
@@ -1,11 +1,24 @@
+== Requirements ==
+In order to use the `TimeSeries` package, you need to have the foloowing packages installed:
+ * `numpy`
+ * `maskedarray` : the new implementation where masked arrays are subclasses of regular ndarrays. You can find this version in the sandbox on the scipy SVN server
+ * `mx.DateTime` : This external module is needed to process some of the dates in C. At term, we hope to be able to get rid of it. In the meanwhile, sorry for the inconvenience.
+The `TimeSeries` package is organized as a group of modules. Two modules are especially useful: `tdates` for managing `Date` and `DateArray` objects, and `tseries`, for managing time series.
>>> import numpy as N
>>> import maskedarray as MA
+>>> import mx.DateTime
+>>> import datetime
>>> import tseries as TS
>>> import tdates as TD
+Note that you could also just import the generic `timeseries` package to achieve the same results.
== Dates ==
A `Date` object combines some date and/or time related information with a given frequency. You can picture the frequency as the unit into which the date is expressed. For example, the three objects:
@@ -14,16 +27,13 @@
>>> M = TD.Date(freq='M', year=2007, month=1, day=1)
>>> Y = TD.Date(freq='A', year=2007, month=1, day=1)
-use the same date information, but different frequencies. They correspond to to the day Jan. 01, 2007, the month Jan. 2007 and the year 2007, respectively. The importance of the frequency will become clearer later on.
+use the same date information, but different frequencies. They correspond to to the day 'Jan. 01, 2007', the month 'Jan. 2007' and the year '2007', respectively. The importance of the frequency will become clearer later on.
~- A more technical note: `Date` objects are internally stored as integers. The conversion to integers and back is controlled by the frequency. In the example above, the internal representation of the three objects `D`, `M` and `Y` are 732677, 24073 and 2007, respectively. -~
-Date objects are managed through their own class, appropriately named `Date`.
==== Construction of a `Date` object ====
Several options are available to construct a Date object explicitly. In each case, the `frequency` argument must be given.
* Give appropriate values to any of the `year`, `month`, `day`, `quarter`, `hours`, `minutes`, `seconds` arguments.
<Q : 2004Q3>
@@ -32,7 +42,6 @@
* Use the `string` keyword. This method calls the `mx.DateTime.Parser` submodule, more information is available in the documentation of this latter.
>>> TD.Date('D', string='2007-01-01')
<D : 01-Jan-2007>
@@ -45,12 +54,45 @@
+==== Manipulating dates ====
+You can add and subtract integers from a `Date` object to get a new `Date` object. The frequency of the new object is the same as the roginal one. For example:
+>>> mybirthday = D-1
+<D : 31-Dec-2006>
+>>> infivemonths = M + 5
+<M : Jun-2007>
+You can convert a `Date` object from one frequency to another with the `asfreq` method. When converting to a higher frequency (for example, from monthly to daily), the new object will fall on the earliest date possible by default. Thus, if you convert a daily `Date` to a monthly one and back to a daily one, you will lose your day information in the process:
+Some other methods worth mentioning are:
+ * `toordinal` : converts an object to the equivalent proleptic gregorian date
+ * `tostring` : converts an object to the corresponding string.
== DateArray objects ==
-DateArrays are simply ndarrays of `Date` objects.
+DateArrays are simply ndarrays of `Date` objects. They accept the same methods as a `Date` object, with the addition of:
+ * `tovalue` : converts the array to an array of integers. Each integer is the internal representation of the corresponding date
+ * `has_missing_dates` : outputs a boolean on whether some dates are missing or not.
+ * `has_duplicated_dates` : outputs a boolean on whether some dates are duplicated or not.
+==== Construction ====
+To construct a `DateArray` object, you can call the class directly
== TimeSeries ==
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