[SciPy-user] algorithm, optimization, or other problem?

Ryan Krauss ryanlists at gmail.com
Tue Feb 21 11:11:53 CST 2006

I really like fortran and f2py for speeding up the guts of some time
comsuming for loop (but there is the steep learning or relearning
curve of FORTRAN).


On 2/21/06, Andrew Straw <strawman at astraw.com> wrote:
> Brian Blais wrote:
> >Given the huge difference between the Pyrex and the Mex, I feel that there is
> >something I am doing wrong, because the C-code for both should run comparably.
> >Perhaps the approach is wrong?  I'm willing to take any suggestions!  I don't mind
> >coding some in C, but the Python API seemed a bit challenging to me.
> >
> >
> >
> Dear Brian,
> The answer is that most of your code is still using the (slow) Python
> API. Take a look at the c files that pyrex produces, particularly for
> your time critical loop. I suspect you'll be horrified to see how much
> stuff like the following there is.
>       __pyx_3 = PyObject_CallObject(__pyx_12, __pyx_1); if (!__pyx_3)
> {__pyx_fi\lename = __pyx_f[0]; __pyx_lineno = 469; goto __pyx_L1;}
> These are calling the Python interpreter, which is quite expensive, as
> you've noticed. Fortunately, you'll be able to get rid of 99% of this
> stuff by clever use of Pyrex. Still, I'm actually fairly impressed that
> you got as much of a speedup as you did.
> What you need to do is convert  your code to raw C array-element access
> to bypass the Python interpreter as much as possible. See the
> http://scipy.org/Wiki/Cookbook/Pyrex_and_NumPy demo for an example,
> particularly the print_elements() function. You can reduce the
> complexity of that code considerably if you deal only with contiguous,
> 1D, single dtype arrays.
> Finally, it's possible that implementing this in weave or some other
> wrapping solution would more straightforward. I prefer Pyrex for its
> general Python/C binding properties, not necessarily for any potential
> ease-of-array-manipulation. (Plus it has a syntax I like! :) For that
> matter, you could implement your function in pure C and use Pyrex (or
> whatever) simply to interface it.
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