[SciPy-user] object too deep??

Emanuele Zattin emanuelez@gmail....
Fri Jun 29 08:06:11 CDT 2007

```hmm... i see... that must be it.
the fact is that the number of gaussians to fit is not constant so how
can i build a function that will fit them if params only accepts
scalars?

On 6/29/07, Christian K <ckkart@hoc.net> wrote:
> Emanuele Zattin wrote:
> > I have this optimization problem:
> >
> > this function returns the sum of some gaussians given their parameters
> > in arrays:
> >
> > def gaussian(height, center_x, center_y, width):
> >     """Returns a gaussian function with the given parameters"""
> >     width = float(width)
> >     return lambda x,y:
> > sum(height*exp(-(((center_x-x)/width)**2+((center_y-y)/width)**2)/2))
> >
> > this function tries to fit given a starting image:
> >
> > def fitgaussian(data, obj_x, obj_y, obj_v):
> >     """Returns (height, x, y, width)
> >     the gaussian parameters of a 2D distribution found by a fit"""
> >     #params = moments(data)
> >     params = obj_v, obj_x-obj_x[0]+2, obj_y-obj_y[0]+2, ones(len(obj_x))
>
> params is a tuple of some objects which you don't tell us what they are and at
> least one ndarray (ones(....)). This is probably the error. params has to be a
> list or array contatining only scalars.
>
> >     errorfunction = lambda p: ravel(gaussian(*p)(*indices(data.shape)) - data)
> >     p, success = leastsq(errorfunction, params)
> >     return p
> >
> > and i use them with:
> >
> > # how many maxima here?
> > max_list = [i]
> > for j in range(len(obj_x)):
> >       if obj_x[j] >= x1 and obj_x[j] < x2 and obj_y[j] >= y1 and obj_y[j] <
> > y2 and j != i:
> >               max_list.append(j)
> > #for indices in max_list:
> > ml = array(max_list)
> > params = fitgaussian(neigh, obj_x[ml], obj_y[ml], obj_v[ml])
> > print len(max_list), params
> >
> > but i get an error like:
> >
> > In [9]: run cutoff
> > ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > <type 'exceptions.ValueError'>            Traceback (most recent call last)
> >
> > /home/emanuelez/Tesi/Code/cutoff.py in <module>()
> >     174 # FIND OBJECTS PROPERTIES
> >     175 # -----------------------
> > --> 176 get_objects_info(blurred, 2, obj_x, obj_y, obj_v)
> >     177
> >     178
> >
> > /home/emanuelez/Tesi/Code/cutoff.py in get_objects_info(image, size,
> > obj_x, obj_y, obj_v)
> >     143                 #for indices in max_list:
> >     144                 ml = array(max_list)
> > --> 145                 params = fitgaussian(neigh, obj_x[ml],
> > obj_y[ml], obj_v[ml])
> >     146                 print len(max_list), params
> >     147
> >
> > /home/emanuelez/Tesi/Code/cutoff.py in fitgaussian(data, obj_x, obj_y, obj_v)
> >     124     params = obj_v, obj_x-obj_x[0]+2, obj_y-obj_y[0]+2, ones(len(obj_x))
> >     125     errorfunction = lambda p:
> > ravel(gaussian(*p)(*indices(data.shape)) - data)
> > --> 126     p, success = leastsq(errorfunction, params)
> >     127     return p
> >     128
> >
> > /usr/lib/python2.5/site-packages/scipy/optimize/minpack.py in
> > leastsq(func, x0, args, Dfun, full_output, col_deriv, ftol, xtol,
> > gtol, maxfev, epsfcn, factor, diag)
> >     264         if (maxfev == 0):
> >     265             maxfev = 200*(n+1)
> > --> 266         retval =
> > _minpack._lmdif(func,x0,args,full_output,ftol,xtol,gtol,maxfev,epsfcn,factor,diag)
> >     267     else:
> >     268         if col_deriv:
> >
> > <type 'exceptions.ValueError'>: object too deep for desired array
> > WARNING: Failure executing file: <cutoff.py>
> >
> >
> > What does "object too deep for desired array" mean? I'm really puzzled
> >
> > Thanks for any help or suggestion!
> >
> > Emanuele
>
> All those lambdas look pretty complicated to me. But I'll believe you if you say
> that this is clever programming :)
>
> Christian
>
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```